LOCATING MISSING PERSONS, LOST OBJECTS AND BURIED MATERIALS
- LOCATING MISSING PERSONS, LOST OBJECTS AND BURIED MATERIALS
- Searches for Lost Objects and Missing People
- Water, Oil and Mineral Exploration
- Treasure Hunting
- Archeological Exploration
- Discoveries in Intuitive Archeology
- Intelligence Operations
Abstract: Expert intuitives are able to provide the information needed to find people, objects and materials that are missing, lost or otherwise hidden from the seeker’s awareness. CAI and other organizations and individuals have carried out many such inquiries for archeologists, treasure hunters, water drilling services, the police, mineral and petroleum exploration companies, military intelligence agencies and private parties, who sought intuitive help after exhausting conventional means of discovery. Most such searches employed a single intuitive. Several of each type were successful, though sometimes the intuitives reported that the item had been destroyed or become inaccessible, or they questioned the motives of the seeker—or they revealed that it would be better for all concerned if the hidden person or item were not found therefore redefining the notion of a “success.”
Indeed, attempts to reveal anything which is hidden, be it human, material or information, are often not justified since there is a legitimate place in our modern societies for privacy, secrets and confidential activities. Encountering a few of these exceptions reminded us that it is always important when aiding searches and explorations to take into account the entire context of the effort, including the searchers’ intentions, motives and means, the retrieval process itself, those who will be affected by the consequences after the item is found, and some serious ethical issues—not merely the locational information.
“Gold was in the world from the beginning. How many men pass where it lies hidden, until one digs and finds it? Wisdom was in the universe from the beginning, but only those whose minds are open to it can deduce the truth from what they see.” [Talbot Mundy]
The motivation for conducting intuitive inquiries in support of searches to find lost, missing buried or otherwise hidden items and people would appear at first to be always positive and legitimate. It seems worthwhile to recover anything that is lost, for example. Search tasks are usually specific and well defined, and the most crucial need is to have the right locational information. An intuitive inquiry is therefore obvious and appropriate, and the ultimate recovery automatically verifies the accuracy of the information.
CAI took part in several intuitive searches in its earlier years (late 1970s) for private and public clients, both individuals and groups. Most were small, but a few clients were prepared to carry out a major effort if they could obtain sufficiently definitive information. Similar intuitive searches were conducted by other organizations for commercial, governmental and military clients. In the following sections we review a sampling of all of these to show their variety, the challenges which arose, how they were handled and the results obtained. There were indeed a number of surprises.
These searches fall naturally into five categories on the basis of what was being sought: lost objects and missing people; underground water, oil and minerals; buried treasure; items of archeological interest; and clandestine and intelligence information. Each category taught its own lessons about how best to utilize intuitive inquiry and expert intuitives to find that whose location is not known. These examples clearly demonstrate the potential and effectiveness of intuitive searching, and they reveal the some of the non-physical conditions to be satisfied if the searches are to be successful in any sense.
Searches for Lost Objects and Missing People
“It’s not what you find, it’s what you find out.” [David Hurst Thoma]
Requests for assistance in locating lost objects and missing people are the most personal, so their motivation tends to be clearer than commercial endeavors and academic searches, which can be constrained by social customs and regulations. All but one of CAI’s attempts in this category utilized a single expert intuitive. Most led to recovery of the object or person being sought; those which did not were beneficial in another way.
The intuitive usually provided the location of the lost object and it was recovered without difficulty. For example, a lost ring was found in the back of a drawer, a missing briefcase was retrieved and a misplaced manuscript uncovered. In a few cases the intuitive identified the lost object but said it had been damaged or destroyed and could not be retrieved. In another the client disbelieved the intuitive information and did not act upon it, despite his initial interest. Sometimes the intuitive explained what had happened to the missing object or person and then offered the client a choice: he could be told about its location so he could obtain it, or he could reconsider if it might not be better if the object were not recovered. Let’s look first at three of these problematic cases.
Time to let go
A retired San Francisco violinist sought to recover her valuable violin which had been stolen from the trunk of her car. She was informed by the expert intuitive [JF] that it had passed through several hands in the Midwest. It had finally come into the possession of a promising young music student in New York, who knew nothing of its source and long journey to her. The intuitive offered to provide additional information to help the violinist recover the missing instrument, but he asked her to consider first if she might not be ready to give up the precious instrument. He reminded her that she had already turned down earlier opportunities to let her prized instrument pass into younger hands (she admitted it). She deliberated for a week and finally chose to surrender it, collect the insurance and use instead her “picnic” violin for teaching. (Kautz 1987, p. 50-64)
She visited CAI a year later to thank us, and explained how her whole life began to change positively after her decision to let go of the instrument. So the story was more about her than the violin.
Two “lost” people were handled similarly. The concerned mother of a missing 17-year-old girl was assured that her daughter was safe. The intuitive [JF] said she had run away with a man and gave details: the city in which they were staying, the kind of car they were driving and part of its license plate number. He said the daughter would be contacting her mother soon. He then offered to provide more information if she wished but suggested that perhaps it was time for the girl to leave home on her own. The mother hesitated but accepted this counsel. The daughter called in a few weeks later, confirmed the information about the car and her location and she said she would be visiting her parents shortly.
In a third case the expert intuitive [LH] provided detailed directions about how to locate a five-year-old girl missing from her home in Eugene, Oregon. The police had no clues at all. She said the girl had been kidnapped by a young man and hidden in a local cave: “She is scared, but alive.” She described the man’s physical features and his car, then gave directions to the area of the cave, naming villages, road junctions, a rail crossing and several miles of country roads, which I could easily follow on a map on my lap. Her description stopped shortly before the cave with the words, “The parents will know how to find the particular location.” I typed up the intuitive information and sent copies to the girl’s parents and the Eugene police.
Obstacles arose, however. Triggered by the local publicity on the case, dozens of amateur astrologers, psychics and dreamers had bombarded the police with conflicting information about how to find the missing child. The police had no way to assess which might be helpful, so they disregarded all of them. Including CAI’s. I was passing through Oregon on a trip to Portland ten days later and stopped in Eugene to call on the parents, offer my sympathies, check out the geography and perhaps even find the girl myself. There were indeed caves in the area, but they were on private property and it was a rough area for a lone snooper. It seemed unlikely I could arrange a search warrant on the basis of the intuitive information. I found the parents confused, still in shock and dealing with marital problems. They had taken no action. The girl’s body was found in a nearby river a few weeks later.
Two Lost Briefcases
One evening I accidentally left my briefcase in a parking lot, and by the time I returned it had disappeared.
I asked three intuitives to help me recover it. Two from CAI, consulted separately, agreed that the police had picked it up along with a criminal suspect. They said it was being held as “evidence” in the local police station. I tried to retrieve it from the police but they refused to cooperate on the basis of what they considered merely “psychic speculation.” In fact they were suspicious that I might have had something to do with the crime. I was not able to recover my briefcase from them and could not even verify the intuitive information.
The third intuitive, not on the CAI staff, gave a detailed but different description. She said the briefcase was in the trunk of an old car which was parked on the San Francisco waterfront. She described the car and nearby buildings. I could not act on such meager information, and was in any case doubtful of it. However, a few weeks later, an out-of-town stranger called to tell me he had found my briefcase in the trunk of his car. I was naturally delighted and made a plan to meet him at a parking lot next to his work. It was on the San Francisco waterfront.
We met as planned. The local buildings and the car matched the intuitive’s description. He opened his trunk and gave me the briefcase—but it wasn’t mine! It belonged to a business colleague who did not know about my loss, and he had not mentioned his own loss to me. The only identification inside it was my business card.
He was very pleased to get his briefcase back. As for mine—well, it may still be in the “evidence room” of the Palo Alto Police Department.
Sleuthing by police
Several famous psychics have successful finds to their credit, despite many failures as well: Peter Hurkos, Jeanne Dixon and Kathlyn Rhea, for example. Parapsychologist Jeffrey Mishlove has documented several examples of these psychics’ accomplishments.
One case which he researched and verified involved an elderly man who had disappeared from a California campsite. A two-week search by 300 persons failed to find him. Six months later the man’s wife, still unable to collect his death benefit, called on Kathlyn Rhea, a psychic who had a good reputation on more than 100 police investigations. Rhea described what had happened: the man had wandered off, became confused and had a stroke. She indicated that his body lay behind a bush near a path to a certain small cottage. The sheriff recognized her description, walked there directly there and immediately found the body. (Mishlove 1993, pp.262-3)
“Another case involving the murder of an Ohio woman also involved Kathlyn Rhea,” writes Mishlove, “and I have personally verified it. Rhea provided … a detailed description of where the body could be found. … A detective [who had] visited a site where he thought the body might be found and was not successful, provided Rhea’s description to the police. Simultaneously, some local Boy Scouts uncovered the body at another location which matched Rhea’s description in major details. The sheriff’s department, which had assumed jurisdiction over the case, took note that an accurate description of the body’s condition and location had been turned in by the detective prior to the body’s discovery. They detained him as a suspect. … Additional information … from Rhea was that the local police chief had actually committed the murder. Rhea suggested that fibers from the victim’s clothing would be found in his police cruiser. Acting on this tip, investigators searched the car and found the fibers. The police chief was convicted of the murder and is now serving time in prison.” (Mishlove 1993, pp.262-3)
Several detectives and other criminal investigators have gained a reputation for solving crimes through hunches that appeared to go well beyond rational analysis and critical thinking. Without knowing the full context, however, one cannot credit the source of their ideas to intuition. Kathleen Rhea’s and other similar outstanding examples of specific successes in intuitive sleuthing, despite some failures, leave no doubt that this application of intuition can be successful when the overall conditions are right. Unfortunately, these conditions are not usually known, so this psychic practice remains a hit and miss performance.
The record suggests that expert intuitives are better qualified in such searches because they are more sensitive to these unknown conditions and are better able to take into account the full context of the search situation.
Water, Oil and Mineral Exploration
Reliable records on intuitive exploration for underground natural resources are not so abundant, but the few credible reports which are available are evidential. They convey useful information about the required conditions if this type of search is to be successful.
Individuals called “dowsers” or “water witchers” have been locating underground water for centuries for customers needing to dig wells, a practice with a history going back 8000 years. More recently, some well-drilling companies work regularly with dowsing consultants to assist them in their choice of good drill sites—where to drill, how much water will be found and how deep they need to go. No one is keeping good records on these divination attempts, however, so evidential data is scarce that might links their successes to intuition rather than to foreknowledge of the area or just chance (since water exists almost everywhere if you drill deep enough). There are enough anecdotal reports of success in unusual situations to provide reasonable assurance that intuitive dowsing has not only occurred but is fairly common. (Bird 1979, ASD 2016)
Henry Gross, for example, perhaps America’s most famous dowser, had an excellent track record for finding not only water but also minerals, oil and even lost people. (Roberts 1951) Like some contemporary dowsers he works from a map as well as in the field, using a small pendulum, obviously an intuitive approach. Soviet scientists have reported similar successes with what they call the “biophysical effect.” (Bakirov 1974, Dubrov 1993, ASD (2016)
Might dowsing successes be attributed to the forked wooden sticks or bent metal rods customarily used by dowsers? Could the tool be somehow picking up variations in electric or magnetic fields around the water or minerals, as suggested by some investigators, and these weak signals are then being conveyed to the hands of the dowser? There is nothing in physics, biology or medicine that could account for such an exceptional physical process. Clear cases of legitimate and successful dowsing can be explained only as an intuitive act by the dowser, though he may not call it that. The dowsing rod or forked stick commonly employed can only be an artifact which the dowser believes in and finds helpful, just as some psychics utilize crystals, playing cards, the I Ching or the stars.
Since the intuitive impression is not spoken, it must be transferred into small hand movements to move the rod. This is a recognized but unexplained and unconscious psychological phenomenon called the ideomotor effect, also apparent with a pendulum, automatic writing, Ouija boards, psychokinesis, facilitated communication and perhaps table turning and artistic painting. Its variants occur under hypnosis, salivation, responses to pain and other forms of subtle body language. (Shin 2015)
Mineral and petroleum exploration
Scientifically based exploration for oil, gas and mineral resources is a risky profession because of its great uncertainties: the cost of trial drilling or digging can be very high, but the payoff from a success can be huge. Technical knowledge about the structure of the crust of the earth, even when it is based upon extensive analysis and field testing, is typically too fragmentary and incomplete to indicate with assurance where to drill, how deep to go and what can be expected there. This profession therefore attracts those who prefer to take large risks, win or lose, and they are therefore more likely to accept and follow intuitive help than searchers looking for water or a lost ring.
While intuitive information may be welcomed in such circumstances and lead to success, it may be difficult to learn of it, because exploration companies tend to operate privately and competitively and they are not eager to reveal the methods they employ to find good sites, or how well or badly their experiments have worked out. Even when the facts are revealed it is not usually clear whether the intuitive help played a significant part when it was mixed with the scientific field data .For seven years I have been doing this (locating mineral deposits) and nobody knows anything about it. (Uri Geller)
An attempt at oil exploration, carried out by a team relying on information from the renowned intuitive Edgar Cayce, failed despite many specific and helpful clues from him and a persistent field effort. (Stearn 1967, Cayce 1971) Cayce explained later that the team was not strongly enough committed to carry through on its acclaimed purpose—to raise money for a hospital—so the search would have floundered sooner or later. Transcripts of other unsuccessful prospecting sessions provided by Cayce (and similarly with other intuitives) reveal that the questions asked of him were typically ambiguous and imprecise, and indeed, the answers they received were equally non-specific and imprecise. It’s not clear whether this deficiency was responsible for the failures, though it would certainly not have aided the effort. The poor questioning may have been a reflection of the lack of commitment.
Uri Geller, famous for his psychokinetic and clairvoyant demonstrations, both on the stage and in the laboratory, reports that he has worked successfully for mineral prospecting companies. “Big businesses are beginning to listen to people who think they can deliver something with their sixth sense.” He also claims success with a number of oil companies, though “they do not want their names to be linked to the psychic, to the paranormal. (Webster 1997) “ Geller’s intuitive capacities have been so well confirmed in other experiments that we have good reason to believe him on this one. (Puharich 1974, Geller 1987)
CAI turned down two requests to participate in oil exploration because we were not comfortable with the dubious motives of the entrepreneurs or their limited capabilities for actually applying the intuitive information. Both found allegedly intuitive help elsewhere, and both failed.
These several experiments provide compelling evidence that intuitive exploration for underground natural resources is certainly possible, and they show that its success depends crucially upon motivational and interpersonal factors among the searchers, beyond the factual information on the location. If these latter conditions are not satisfied, or not even asked about in the inquiry, the search is likely to fail even when the locational information is correct. As already discovered, careful questioning is always called for during an inquiry, and if not done properly it weakens the informational base for whatever is being sought.
CAI was asked to assist in an organized and privately sponsored search for a cache of gold which legend said lay buried in an small region within the U.S. Army base at Fort Huachuca, Arizona. The gold was reportedly discovered by Pvt. Robert Jones in 1941, who said he fell 30 feet through unsteady ground, where he found the gold bars, estimated later to be valued at about $60 million, neatly stacked in a cavern. There was uncertainty about the center of the target area, based upon Jones’ loose description of his original discovery (he had since died) and contradictory information from the prior unsuccessful attempts to find the treasure. Jones’ alleged discovery was well known, often recounted and discounted and probably distorted over time. While several attempts to locate the treasure, some of them extensive and expensive, were unsuccessful, the legend persists. (Anon no date, Traywick no date)
We agreed to consult on a search sponsored by Quest Exploration Corporation, a small private group which had hired Stanford Research Institute (SRI, my employer) to utilize recently developed electronic tools for underground exploration to locate the treasure. This experiment occurred early in CAI’s work with intuition, before we had acquired a qualified staff of expert intuitives and developed an effective method of inquiry, but it seemed like an interesting challenge. The leader of the SRI team and I prepared a map of the suspected search area and identified a few distinctive features to serve as reference landmarks for the intuitives.
I asked each of nine candidate intuitives of widely differing capabilities the obvious questions: did the alleged treasure really exist, what did it consist of, where was it, and might it be accessed? They were told only the geographical essentials and the goal, not about Jones, the sponsor or the prior searches.
Eight of these budding “intuitives” said that the gold bars were indeed there, hidden in an underground cavern. They agreed with one other as to the approximate depth of the cache and its location to within about 30 feet, relative to the chosen reference marks. There was little further consensus from this group, though two of them gave the same story of how the gold came to be buried there. Three mentioned that the motives of the searchers were not as benign as they claimed, since they wanted the gold for themselves with no intention to return it its legitimate owners. Without being asked, two said the project to find the gold would fail when arguments arose among the Quest team. These would lead to delays and expiration of the Army’s search permit. This intuitive information was passed on to the SRI team leader.
The search began. The SRI team carried out an extensive undergrond mapping of the entire target area, using their various electronic instruments. It revealed an abundance of underground water, which compromised the exploration, but several anomalies were found. Only one might be a chamber but it contained no metal. A disagreement then arose among the Quest group on how to proceed. This resulted in such a delay that the site had to be abandoned prematurely, just as had been predicted. The gold bars may still be there.
While the gold was never found, part of the intuitive information had been confirmed and we had no reason to doubt the rest of the small consensus. This experiment taught us some important lessons of how to carry out such a search, and how not to. We learned (again) that an intuitive inquiry for assisting a planned search should include not only the locational information but the capabilities, intentions and motivation of the search participants and the consequences which could follow a successful discovery. And, of course, the importance of working only with expert intuitives.
In later years CAI received two other opportunities to participate in treasure hunts. We listening to their proposals, and did not need to hesitate in turning down both.
“To archeologists, the human past is owned by no one. It represents the cultural heritage of everyone who has ever lived on Earth or will live on it in the future. Archaeology puts all human societies on an equal footing.” [Brian Fagan]
Archeology would appear to be another favorable area for intuitive application. The motives for these searches are normally academic, non-commercial, out of public attention and the information sought is usually specific: the intuitive simply tells the archeologist where to dig (or look in museum basements), how deep to go and what will be found there. The explorer need only follow the intuitive’sdirecctions, which are automatically verified if correct.
While the failures of intuitive archeology—also called psychic archeology—are not consistently publicized, the record of successes is fairly good. Seven documented reports over the past century describe how intuitives provided the specific information needed for the discovery, and subsequent exploration proved them correct. (See the accompanying list.) The circumstances surrounding these searches provide reasonable assurance that the intuitives had no relevant prior knowledge that would have supplied them significant clues. In some cases the objects discovered were so unusual they could not have reasonably been expected.
Discoveries in Intuitive Archeology
Here are brief summaries of a few of the better documented cases in which intuitives assisted archeological research:.
• Frederick Bligh Bond explored Glastonbury Abbey in England (see accompanying text).
• Stefan Ossowiecki, a Polish psychic, provided detailed and precise descriptions, later verified, of ancient artifacts, in a long series of carefully controlled experiments spanning the four-year period 1941-45. His examiners included a team of professors from the University of Warsaw.
• The late Professor J. Norman Emerson, then Head of the Department of Archeology at the University of Toronto, employed psychic George McMullen to locate various buried Indian objects in Ontario. (Emerson 1974, 1975)
• Anthropologist Dr. David E. Jones conducted several psychometric and cultural reconstruction experiments in psychic archeology in the Southeast U.S. and Mexico in the 1970s. Some of his findings were evidential. He worked with four intuitives. (Jones 19779)
• Jeffrey Goodman, working with intuitive Aron Abrahamsen [AA], was directed to a specific remote piece of land near Flagstaff, Arizona and told what he would find at various levels if he dug there. Following this counsel, Goodman subsequently excavated a large number of human-related artifacts, some dating back 30,000 years, just as Abrahamsen had predicted. (Goodman 1977)
• Writer Christopher Bird reports that a Russian anthropologist Pushnikov has successfully used psychic dowsers to probe the remains of the Borodin battlefield, where Russia battled Napoleon in 1812. (Bird 1979)
• Stephen Schwartz conducted underwater explorations near Catalina Island west of Los Angeles. Working with psychic Alan Vaughan and remote viewer Hella Hammid, he was directed in 1987 to the discovery of the wreck of a merchant brig that had sunk in the early nineteenth century. It was three feet below the sea bottom, with only one small part sticking out of the mud. Schwartz conducted other intuitively based explorations near Alexandria in Egypt. (Schwartz 1978, 1980, 1983, 1988).
To take one example, Frederick Bligh Bond, an English architect who specialized in the study and restoration of old churches, was in 1907 put in charge of an excavation around the ruins of Glastonbury Abbey, one of the oldest Christian churches in England. Bond cooperated with a psychic partner Capt. John Bartlett (and later other intuitives), who provided the relevant history, with names and other facts, as well as descriptions and sketches of the original layout of the Abbey and its outlying buildings. Over the next decade Bond used this intuitive information to guide his excavations, which included the discovery of the legendary Edgar Chapel and other structures. Ten years later, when he revealed the intuitive means by which his discoveries were made, he was fired by the Anglican Church for dabbling in spiritualism. He then went to America, where he worked as editor and writer for the American Society for Psychical Research. (Bond 1918, Kenawell 1965, Hopkinson-Ball 2007, Coates 2015)
While the listed successes were satisfying to the searchers, none was highly significant archeologically. Most were limited to small, poorly funded efforts on home territory, did not use careful questioning and were not well documented. Taken together, however, they offer a persuasive demonstration of the potential of intuitive archeology even though they lack sound evidence that the discoveries can be attributed to intuitive insight.
CAI’s first attempts at intuitive archeology suffered from some of these same limitations.
In 1977 I participated as an intuitive consultant to another exploration team from Stanford Research Institute, this one carried out in cooperation with Ain Shams University, the Egyptian Department of Antiquities and the Association for Research and Enlightenment (ARE, The Cayce Foundation). The latter had contracted with SRI to look for hidden passages around the Great Pyramid and the Sphinx in the Giza plateau near Cairo, Egypt. Edgar Cayce and two other intuitives had stated that there exists an underground tunnel running northwest from the right paw of the Sphinx toward the Great Pyramid, and it leads to a “Chamber of Records” where important discoveries could be made. (ARE no date)) The SRI team was again equipped with various detection instruments: ground resistivity meters, magnetometer, underground radar, acoustical sounders and a bore-hole camera.
Three CAI intuitives agreed that the Chamber of Records actually exists and largely confirmed the previous intuitive information (some may have known of Cayce’s work). They added further details: (1) the tunnel extends from the left paw, not the right paw as Cayce had said; (2) it is not empty but filled with debris; and (3) it extends not in a straight line to the pyramid, but leaves the Sphinx at a right angle and then bends northward after 200 feet or so. Two added that the planned effort to find the chamber would fail. Many years would pass before the tunnel and chamber would be found, because the discoveries would be misunderstood and improperly cared for in the present.
The SRI exploration team surveyed the underground area around the Sphinx, using their various instruments as they were able. They detected weak anomalies just to the left of the left paw, in front of both paws and at the very rear, and only these. They returned a year later and drilled two test holes under the right paw (as Cayce had claimed) but found no cavities. (Dolphin 1978) Further explorations around the Sphinx in 1987, 1991, 1992 and 1996 by other explorers, using more advanced technology, found similar conditions and no more. If a tunnel were filled with debris it could have been missed, of course, and all of the searches were compromised by underground water and by natural cracks and discontinuities in the rocks.
The series of searches around the Sphinx must be judged as inconclusive. While a small part of the intuitive information was confirmed, and none was proved to be incorrect, the hypotheses still remain to be fully tested. The acclaimed tunnel and chamber may still be found in a future exploration.
The Great Pyramid
A similar survey around the edge of the Great Pyramid facing the Sphinx detected no tunnel entering it, with the same limitations and conclusion.
Within the Great Pyramid the intuitive inquiries about undiscovered chambers were somewhat more successful. Two of the CAI intuitives said that an undiscovered room could be found near the Queen’s Chamber, which is one of the four known cavities inside the pyramid. The SRI team detected a small anomaly off the short horizontal passage to the Queen’s chamber but could not tell what it was. (Dolphin 1978) Ten years later French and Japanese explorers reported that they had located a cavity off this passageway. They drilled a hole through the wall and found a space filled with sand. This discovery confirmed the intuitive statement. (Barakat 1975, Buccianti 1987, Dormion 1987, Yoshimura 1987, 1988, Esmael 1988, Michaelson 2015)
One intuitive [LH] said further that another chamber could be found above and to one side of the King’s Chamber, but no such space has yet been searched for or found.
Is there a future for intuitive archeology?
“When archeology is done right it’s usually dull. When it’s fascinating it’s frequently wrong.” [B. Schwartz]
Despite the encouraging past achievements, there are practical problems in translating even the best intuitive information into actual discoveries. Major archeological explorations must be carefully planned and formally approved by sponsoring foundations, professional bodies, landowners and foreign governments before an actual expedition can be undertaken. They are usually expensive and must compete for limited research funds. Furthermore, professional archeologists prefer to adhere to scientific standards, and not all members of a team and its sponsors can be counted on to support a questionable reliance on intuitive advice. They may disapprove of such a compromise to their professionalism and be unwilling to risk their careers on such a controversial approach.
Such professionalism must be respected because discovered archeological objects are often not properly protected. They can easily be destroyed or lost before they reach the safety of museums and laboratories. (Serious damage was done to the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Nag Hammadi Library after being found by local people.) Archeologists are committed to responsible preservation and employ the best techniques and tools available to do so.
There is also an ethical issue, whether the vestiges of the past should not be left alone out of respect for those who have lived earlier and often hold beliefs about locations that are considered sacred and should not be disturbed. Most archeologists respect these concerns up to a point, but they see their task as one of revealing our human past, not obscuring it. The intuitives appear to straddle these opposing ethical positions. The matter may depend on the qualifications and intentions of the searchers.
Intuitive archeology appears to be a potentially rich area for the application of intuition whenever the practical, scientific and ethical issues can be resolved. One may then work directly from a well defined goal to the intuitive inquiry, to the searcher, and to the discovery. If those involved can be persuaded to accept intuitive help, the prospects for successful recovery are very good. Just a few impressive successes could provide some of the most convincing demonstrations of the application of intuition within a professional discipline. However, archeology is not a large field, and the opportunities for actual exploration are limited despite the manifold possibilities. We may have to wait a few years.
Intuitive attempts to participate in intelligence operations in warfare are well known but most are incompletely recorded. Those carried out in peace time as part of diplomacy, defense preparations, “spying” and clandestine activities are naturally very secretive, and are also not usually made public even decades later.
A recent exception was a US government program in remote viewing (RV) at SRI International from 1972-85 under the direction of Drs. Harold Puthoff and Russell Targ, both experienced physicists. (Targ 1977, 1996, Puthoff 1996) They experimented first with a simple clairvoyance protocol in which amateur intuitives described and sketched simple set-up scenes in the local neighborhood. These were subsequenty evaluated by judges in double-blind fashion. They confirmed that RV is indeed possible, even without high intuitive skill, can be fairly correct in essentials and is not attenuated by sea water or electrical screening. accuracy can sometimes be improved by using an error-correcting coding technique.
These successful experiments then expanded into a classified program sponsored by the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). It was suspected and later confirmed that the Soviet Union was involved in similar intuitive activities, and the fear of this alien capability enabled the SRI program to be undertaken to assess the alleged Soviet threat. A useful operational capability soon developed, and a series of dramatic successes kept the program in operation for a few years. Some of the remote viewers were CAI personnel or some the client’s employees. For example, a claim by intuitive Ingo Swann that rings existed around the planet Jupiter were confirmed by a timely spacecraft fly-by. Two other intuitives (Pat Price and Hella Hammid) were able to explore and describe in considerable detail two secret Soviet military facilities, in one case from its geographic coordinates, on their first try.
These successes alerted the military to the possibilities of using remote viewing for locating and identifying sensitive targets, and the program expanded to include other defense organizations and additional SRI viewers (such as Keith Harary) and staff (Ed May). While most of this longer phase remains classified even today, especially in the area of “threat assessment” such as rocket test firings, nuclear tests, hostages and loss of aircraft. For example, according to former President Carter, searches by US satellites failed to find a downed spy plane in Zaire but a remote viewer known to the CIA Director successfully located it by supplying its geographical coordinates.
Declassified records reveal how the Defense Department trained a fresh cadre of full-time remote viewers, including Joseph McMoneagle, in an internal program called Stargate. (McMoneagle 2002) Two hundred requests for service were received and responded to. (Puthoff 1996) Puthoff reports that “Personalities, policies and personal biases were always factors to be dealt with.” The CAI had dropped out in the mid-1970 from unrelated congressional actions. Other US government agencies became uncomfortable with the Stargate program, despite high-level testimony of its many successes, and it was terminated in 1995.
Puthoff also carried out a private “associated remote viewing” project to raise money for his wife’s school. He investing money in the silver market on the basis ofintuitively predicted changes. The effort succeeded in raising $26,000. (Puthoff 1996, ref 21 )
There can be no doubt now about the many successes in using RV in the service of real and practical intelligence and military objectives, under a variety of conditions and involving various kinds of intuitive information. They have gone well beyond the original conception of RV for identifying neighborhood sites through crude sketches and descriptions by amateur viewers.
Remote viewing and intuitive inquiry
Puthoff’s initial remote viewing procedure differed from the classic clairvoyance studied by parapsychologists, for the number of possibilities were normally very few and the simple data were validated through independent judging. The best results came from a few highly skilled viewers. The later experiments in Puthoff’s program, and others employing RV, focused on broader targets and entailed more detailed descriptions, carefully drawn illustrations and geographical coordinates, and consensus (two or three viewers) was occasionally employed. However, the inquiries were not carefully prepared, the intuitives were qualified only by track record and the required descriptions were not complex. These factors set the differences between RV and CAI’s approach.
Following the SRI program, similar programs were begun by parapsychologists and other researchers in the US and abroad. The term remote viewing is currently used to refer to a variety of related intuitive techniques. They still differ from CAI’s approach in the qualification of intuitives and the strict inquiry protocol employed, and CAI’s method is more flexible in the complexity and volume of subject matter. It is not limited to factual search material but can go much deeper, provide more explanatory information and cover the full context of the project, included its goals, intentions of participants, the physical search process itself and consequences.
CAI’s experiments with a variety of intuitive searches, when supplemented by parallel experiments reported by others, show convincingly that intuitives are able to provide the crucial information needed to locate almost anything that is lost, missing of otherwise obscured from view: objects, individuals, water, oil, gas, minerals, archeological artifacts, criminal evidence, intelligence data and other items. The information may usually be directly utilized so that the object of the search may be found or the actual search process begun. Enough successes have been scored to show the validity and potentiality of this intuitive approach to almost all searches of these kinds, so long as some simple conditions are satisfied.
The obstacles to success which arose in these experiments were varied and set the only limitations: the intention of the searchers were negative or questionable, the searchers were not qualified to go through with an actual recovery, the item being sought no longer existed, it would not be adequately protected if discovered, or the consequences of discovery would result in more harm than good to those involved so it was better not to attempt it. These possibilities must be anticipated and taken into into account in future inquiries and planning if the search is to be truly successful. The four requirements for intuitive inquiries must also be satisfied.
In summary, the entire context of the search must be taken into account, and it should be conducted in the best interests of all concerned, including lost persons and those who may be affected by the consequences. Neglect of this principle appears to explain why many past attempts at intuitive exploration have not succeeded, aside from unskilled intuitives, poor inquiry protocol and fumbled exploration efforts.
In archeology and mineral and oil exploration the main obstacle to the further application of intuitive skills continues to lie in the unwillingness of the responsible parties to commit to an intuitive approach to discovery. This situation will surely improve in coming years as intuitive applications come to be better understood and accepted, and as examples accumulate from demonstrations in other fields.
- Anon (no date). “All That Glitters: The Jones Gold Story.” History Program, U.S. Army Intelligence Center, Fort Huachuca AZ.
- ARE (no date). “Update on Research on Cayce’s Three Hall of Records.” see http://www.edgarcayce.org/_AncientMysteriesTemp/hallofrecordsupd.html.
- ASD (2016) : http://dowsers.org/dowsing/about-asd/history-of-dowsing.
- Bakirov, A. G., “The Geological Possibilites of the Biophysical Method” in The American Dowser (August 1974) pp. 110-112.
- Barakat, N., L. Dolphin et al., “Electromagnetic Sounder Experiments at the Pyramids of Giza,” Final Report, NSF Grant No. GF-38767, (Menlo Park, CA: Stanford Research Institute, 1975).
- Bird, Christopher (1979). The Divining Hand. (Dutton).
- Bond, Frederick Bligh (1918, 1978). The Gates of Remembrance: The Story of the Psychological Experiment … (Oxford: Blackwell & New York: Harper Collins).
- Buccianti, Alexandre; “Des Scientifiques Japonais Confirment les Traveaux de la Mission Francaise,: Le Monde, p. 18, February 4, 1987. Cr. C. Mauge.
- Cayce, E. E. & H. L. Cayce, The Outer Limits of Edgar Cayce’s Power (Harper Row, 1971).
- Cayce, Edgar (1932). “Edgar Cayce – Great Pyramid and Sphinx.” Association for Research and Enlightenment, Rdg. #5748-6; see http://www.crystalinks.com/caycepyramid.html.
- Coates, Richard. (2015). “A brief account of the extraordinary life of Frederick Bligh Bond, FRIBA”. University of the West of England.
- Dolphin, L., “Geophysical Studies around the Sphinx,” private report (1978); see www.ldolphin.org & www.catchpenny.org/ldolphin.html (1996).
- Dormion, P. J.P. Goidin, Khéops: Nouvelle enquette , and Les nouveaux mystéres de la Grande Pyramide (Paris, 1987).
- Dubrov, Alexander P. (1993). “Developments in Dowsing in Russia and the CIS.” Journal of the British Society of Dowsers 35:297-304.
- Dunne , B. J., & J. P. Biasha. “Precognitive Remote Viewing in the Chicago Area: A Replication of the Stanford Experiment. Journal of Parapsychology 43:..17-30 (1979).
- Dunno, B. J., & Biasha, Precognitive Remote Viewing in the Chicago Area
- Emerson, J. NoJ. P. rman, “Intuitive Archeology: The Argillite Carving” an: d “Intuitive Archeology: A Developing Approach,” Department of Anthropology, University of Toronto, 1974
- Emerson, J. Norman, “Psychic Archeology,” in Psychic, 23-25 (Sep./Oct. 1975)
- Esmael, F., ed., Proceedings of the First International Symposium on the Application of Modern Technology to Archeological Explorations of the Giza Necropolis (Cairo, 1988).
- Fagen, Brian (1996). Introduction to the Oxford Companion to Archaeology. (Oxford University Press).
- Goodman, Jeffrey, Psychic Archeology (G. P. Putnam, 1977)
- Hopkinson-Ball, Tim (2007). The Rediscovery of Glastonbury: Frederick Bligh Bond Architect of the New Age. …
- Jones, David, Visions of Time: Experiments in Psychic Archeology (Theosophical Publishing House, 1979).
- Kenawell, W. W., The Quest at Glastonbury: A Biographical Study of Frederick Bligh Bond (Helix-Garrett, 1965).
- McMoneagle, Joseph (2002). The Stargate Chronicles: Memoirs of a Psychic Spy: The Remarkable Life of U.S. Government Remote Viewer 001. (Charlottesville: Hampton Roads); see https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_McMoneagle.
- Michaelson, Ruth (2015). “Pyramids of Giza: Technology may unlock secrets of Egypt’s Wonder of the Ancient World.” The Independent 10/25/2015.
- Mishlove, Jeffrey (1975, 1993). The Roots of Consciousness. (Random House, Marlowe).
- Mundy, Talbot, Om, The Secret of Arbor Valley (Carroll Graf, 1924).
- Puharich, A. (1974). Uri: A Journal of the M ystery of Uri Geller. (Anchor).
- Puthoff, H E. & R. Targ, “A Perceptual Channel for Information Transfer over Kilometer Distances: Historical Perspective and Recent Research.” Proc, IEEE, 64:329+ (1976).
- Puthoff, H. E. (1996). “CIA-Initiated Remote Viewing at Stanford Research Institute.” Scien. Explor’n … http://www.biomindsuperpowers.com/Pages/CIA-InitiatedRV.html; also in The Intelligencer, Jl of US Intelligence Studies 12(1): … (2001); Journal of Scientific Exploration. 10(1): 63-76;’ http://www.irva.org/library/pdfs/puthoff2001cia.pdf.
- Roberts, Kenneth (1951). Henry Gross and his Divining Rod. (Doubleday).
- Schwarz, B. E., A Psychiatrist Looks at ESP (New American Library, 1965).
- Schwartz, S. & Rand de Mattei, “The Discovery of an American Brig: Fieldwork Involving Applied Archeological Remote Viewing,” in Henkel, Linda A., Rick E. Berger (Eds.), Research in Parapsychology 1988 (Scarecrow Press, 1989).
- Schwartz, Stephen A., H. E. Edgerton, A Preliminary Survey of Eastern Harbour, Alexandria, Egypt, Combining both Technical and Extended Remote Sensing Exploration (Los Angeles: The Mobius Group, 1980).
- Schwartz, Stephen A., The Alexandria Project (Dell, 1983).
- Schwartz, Stephen, A., The Secret Vaults of Time (Grosset and Dunlap, 1978).
- Shin, Yun Kyoung (2015). “A review of contemporary ideomotor theory”. PsycNET. American Psychological Association. See also: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ideomotor_phenomenon.
- Stearn, Jess, Edgar Cayce, The Sleeping Prophet (Bantam/Doubleday, 1967).
- Targ, R., H. E. Puthoff, Mind Reach: Scientists Look at Psychic Ability (Delacorte Press, 1977).
- Targ, R., “Remote Viewing at Stanford Research Institute in the 1970s: A Memoir,” Journal of Scientific Exploration 10(1):77+ (1996).
- Thoma, David Hurst (1974), in Hester, James. Introduction to Archeology. (Holt, Rinehart and Winston); p.31.
- Traywick, Ben. (no date). “The Thunder Fort Bullion Mystery.” Tombstone News, Tombstone AZ.
- Webster, Jonathan B. (1997). “Uri Geller’s Hidden Agenda” 20:20 Virgin West Coast.(April-May).
- Yoshimura, S. “Nondestructive Pyramid Investigation 2”, Studies in Egyptian Culture, No. 8 (Tokyo, 1988).
- Yoshimura, S., et al., “Nondestructive Pyramid Investigation by Electromagnetic Wave Method,” Studies in Egyptian Culture, No. 6 (Tokyo, 1987).